Kære Medlemmer af Kommissionen Kære Medlemmer af Parlamentet Kære Medlemmer af Ministerrådet

Nye regulativer for frø og plantematerialer drøftes nu i Bruxelles. Hvis Generaldirektoratet for Sundhed og Forbrugerbeskyttelse har held med deres planer, vil endnu flere ældre og bevaringsværdier sorter af frugter, grønsager og korn forsvinde fra markedet. Disse diverse sorter, og sorter tilpasset økologisk landbrug, vil hæmmes af bureaukratiske love, mens magten hos den Industrialiserede landbrugssektor styrkes yderligere.

Ud fra de tekster som nu er tilgængelige, vil de nye frølove fremme en magtkoncentration på frømarkedet i hænderne på et lille antal industrielle selskaber. Dette er uacceptabelt. En ny EU frølovgivning skal tillade en mangfoldighed af sorter, sorter der er velegnet til små landbrug, og forædling af sorter der er tilpasset økologisk dyrkning. De mange forskelligartede sorter skal være tilgængelige ikke kun i genbanker, men også på det åbne marked, uden bureaukratiske restriktioner.

Derfor kræver vi: Ingen tvungen registrering af sorter! Derudover skal de nuværende registreringskriterier nedsættes for sorter, der er egnede til økologisk landbrug i kraft af deres mangfoldighed, så vores landbrug fortsat kan tilpasse sig klimaændringer, nye skadedyr og sygdomme, samt en mere miljøvenlige livsstil.

Hverken den nuværende EU-frølovgivning eller de uformelle udkaster til ændringer af loven, som for tiden er tilgængelige, opfylder disse krav. De truer den dyrkede biodiversitet og dermed menneskehedens fælles landbrugsarv. De truer også bæredygtige fødevaresystemer og er kun lavet for at tjene den agrokemiske industri.

Vi opfordrer hermed alle medlemmer af EU-Kommissionen, Europa-Parlamentet og Ministerrådet til at forkaste ethvert forslag, som ikke opfylder ovennævnte kriterier! Vi må og vil ikke tillade mere ødelæggelse af den dyrkede mangfoldighed i landbruget og havebrug!

Flere oplysninger kan hentes her (på engelsk og tysk): - Kampagnen for Seed-Suverænitet: www.seed-sovereignty.org/DK/index.html - Den tyske paraplyorganisation for biodiversitet hos afgrøder og husdyr ("Dachverband Kulturpflanzen-und Nutztiervielfalt eV"). www.kulturpflanzen-nutztiervielfalt.org/node/29 (engelsk) - Den tyske frøsamler-organisation (VEN, „Verein zur Erhaltung der Nutzpflanzenvielfalt e.V.“): www.nutzpflanzenvielfalt.de - Patrick Wiebes udmærkede blog: www.bifurcatedcarrots.eu/

og der vil snart være flere materialer på dansk på Frøsamlernes webside, www.froesamlerne.dk.

Reason

De nuværende EU-frø regler stammer fra en tid hvor miljøbeskyttelse, naturen og den biologiske mangfoldighed blev undervurderet. Der fandtes talrige frøforædlende virksomheder, der satte en stor diversitet af sorter på markedet. De fleste af disse sorter kunne gensås efter høst – den samme fremgangsmåde som har eksisteret i tusinder af år, gennem hele landbrugets historie.

I 1980’erne følte man behov for at udvikle 2 nye betegnelser for det, der indtil da bare havde været almindelig praksis: 1) ”bøndernes rettigheder” og 2) ”frøkonstante (open pollinated) sorter” – dvs. at man får den samme sort fra sine frø året efter, medmindre der er sket en krydsning med en lignende sort. Dette skyldes dramatiske ændringer i frømarkedet. I dag dominerer de 10 største frøfirmaer tre fjerdedele af verdensmarkedet – og den kemiske industri står for mere end halvdelen af det globale frøsalg.

De fleste sorter på markedet er underlagt juridiske og tekniske begrænsninger, som underminerer landmændenes produktion af eget udsæd. Man indførte kravet om en officiel godkendelse af de sorter, der skulle markedsføres, og kriterierne for denne godkendelse er tilpasset industrielle sorter. Produktiviteten og den voksende verdensbefolkning blev brugt til at retfærdiggøre denne udvikling. Den omfattende rapport fra International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge, Science and Technology for Development (IAASTD, 2008) illustrerer denne models manglende sikkerhed.

Den dyrkede biodiversitet er stort set forsvundet fra det kommercielle marked. Mangfoldigheden af sorter opretholdes kun, fordi de forhandles af tusindvis af frygtløse borgere i Europa uden den fornødne registrering. I dag afhænger bevaringen af biodiversiteten i landbrug og havebrug af den omfattende ekspertise af disse mennesker, og vi bør støtte og opmuntre det stigende antal mennesker, der udøver denne aktivitet - ikke kun som en hobby, men også for at tjene en indkomst og et levebrød fra det. En anden vigtigt aspekt er, at der næsten ikke er forædlet sorter specielt velegnet for økologisk landbrug i kraft af deres genetisk diversitet. Men økologisk landbrug behøver planter, der er modstandsdygtige uden brug af kemikalier. Dette kan kun opnås med en bred naturlig genpulje. Sådanne sorter anses rutinemæssigt for at være uacceptabelt for registrering i henhold til gældende kriterier for sortsregistrering.

  • Dear supporters of our petition,

    the EU-Parliament published the results of yesterdays votings on the Commissions proposal for a seed regulation, and other topics.

    The correct numbers are as following:

    voting 6 on the Commissions proposal: 15 yes; 615 no, 13 abstained;
    voting 7 on the request for a referral: 574 yes, 90 no, 10 abstained;
    voting 8 on the legislative resolution: 511 yes, 136 no, 16 abstained
    (please notice: it was 511 yes and not only 51 as in the last mail wrongly written)

    If you are interested in the question who voted how, you find the results of roll-call votes here:
    tinyurl.com/EP-voting-140311 on pages 16 to 21.

    If anybody would like to translate this and the last mail into the petitions language, please feel free to do so and please send it to info@seed-sovereignty.org. Then I would post the translation to all the supporters.

    best regards
    Andreas Riekeberg

    Campaign for seed-sovereignty
    www.seed-sovereignty.org

  • Dear supporters!

    We've made it! The Parliament of the EU has decided: the Commissions proposal for a seed regulation is politically dead. In yesterdays plenary session was adopted with 51 to 130 votes a legislative resolution, which rejects the proposal of 6 Mai 2013 very clear and calls the Commission to submit a new one.

    Until the last moment it was unclear: would the Parliament adopt such a legally binding resolution or would it restrict itself to a simple appeal to the Commission to withdraw the proposal? This appeal in the so called rejection report got 650 to 15 votes. But the Parliament insisted in a voting on the legislative resolution with the above mentioned result.

    By this the longstanding engagement of organisations and groups which are dedicated to the maintaining and broadening of diversity, which are working for farmers rights to produce, exchange and use their seed or which are breeding varieties for ecofarming was successful.

    With this decision the Parliament gave ear to the many hundreds of thousands of people from many European countries which signed since April 2013 diverse petitions against the Commissions proposal. Alone our petition „seed diversity under threat“ got some 150.000 supporters in 12 different languages.

    A big „THANK YOU“ to all of you!

    Now it would be important to adopt the current – even restrictive – EU-seed-law to the demands of maintaining and broadening of diversity. By this there should be given a reasonable legal framework to the groups, organisations and individuals which are engaged in this, and these initiatives should be supported and not restricted. A first step could be the evaluation of the so called conservation directives 2008/62/EC and 2009/145/EC, which should be done (as the directive itself demands) until end of 2013.

    On the other hand the official control of the seeds of the seed industry has to be ensured. Concentration processes through acquisitions and interdependence have led in the past 30 years to a dangerous market power of the major chemical and seed corporations. And the seed industry won't give up their aim. Yesterday the seed lobby ESA tried to disturb the audience be claiming that the decision taken by the Parliament is invalid by procedural mistakes, see kurzlink.de/esa-seedlaw-140311. Anyhow, ESA's Secretary General Garlich von Essen had to admit the strength of the opponents to the new seed regulation and has spoken of a "very, very strong campaign".

    Now we have to wait and be aware of how the Commission and the Council react on the resolution of the Parliament – and we will be attentive to intervene if necessary. In the times of climate change and exhaustion of resources we need a reorientation in the demands to varieties. How long agriculture and horticulture will be able to afford high-input-varieties? In the long run we need varieties with a positive energy balance – for this we need a rethinking in the seed legislation, and for this the support of you all will be needed furthermore!

    Best regards
    Andreas Riekeberg

    Campaign for Seed-Sovereignty
    www.seed-sovereignty.org

  • Dear supporter!

    On Tuesday is the big seed day in the EU-Parliament. It The EP will vote on their statement on the commissions proposal in plenary. What will happen?
    Scenario A: The Parliament adopts a “non-legislative rejection”. This is just a postponement - just a show. In this scenario, the new parliament will continue the work after elections in May.

    Scenario B: The Parliament adopts a LEGISLATIVE rejection. This would mean the political death of the seed regulation. On Monday evening, the major political groups will discuss the issue on and fix their position. A so called 1st reading.

    It is VERY important to call them and demand a LEGISLATVIE rejection (Option B).
    The draft for such an LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION is already tabled! You find it here: tinyurl.com/legislative-resulution-seedlaw or: www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?pubRef=-//EP//TEXT+REPORT+A7-2014-0112+0+DOC+XML+V0//EN Please chose your language at the top of the page.

    English text of the tabled legislative resulution:
    "The European Parliament, ... 1. Rejects the Commission proposal;
    2. Calls on the Commission to withdraw its proposal and submit a new one;
    3. Instructs its President to forward its position to the Council, the Commission and the national parliaments."

    Please contact the relevant people per telephone.
    1.) your national MEPs , see www.europarl.europa.eu/meps/en/map.html
    2.) the rapporteurs see www.seed-sovereignty.org/PDF/2_List_rapporteurs.pdf
    3.) The presidents of the Parliament, see www.seed-sovereignty.org/PDF/1_List_presidents.pdf You just need to click on them to obtain their phone numbers.

    VERY IMPORTANT: Please note that Monday, 10. March, it’s the "Strasbourg session". This means: Until lunch: Make phonecalls in Brussels. After lunch: Make phonecalls in Strasbourg. It would be really important if you could call them!

    There is still a chance to kick the proposal back! Let's use it!

    Best regards
    Andreas Riekeberg

    Campaign for Seed-Sovereignty
    www.seed-sovereignty.org

pro

Not yet a PRO argument.

contra

No CONTRA argument yet.