at 06 Feb 2020 20:50
The first english translation (made in a rush) has been improved by a second person.
Neuer Petitionstext: ***Please sign online or upload/send signed forms by 13 February at the latest*** (the Government Council is expected to make a decision in mid-February).
***Any person can sign, regardless of residence, nationality and age.***
This petition supports the application of the Fondation Franz Weber/Helvetia Nostra (Swiss environmental organisation) for a respectful treatment of nature, landscape and internationally significant architecture in the border area Dornach-Arlesheim, Switzerland (see www.ffw.ch/de/news/natur-und-kulturland-droht-zerstoerung).
In view of the **threat posed by two major building projects
immediately north of the Goetheanum**, Helvetia Nostra submitted a request to the government council of Basel-Landschaft on December 27, 2019 to protect this unique natural and cultural area. Due to serious procedural shortcomings in the planning process, a review of the two building projects is indispensable.
The petition presented here calls on the Government Council of Basel-Landschaft to grant Helvetia Nostra's application regarding nature, landscape and architectural heritage protection.
Ladies and Gentlemen of the Government Council of the Canton of Basel-Landschaft,
The signing persons support Helvetia Nostra`s applications concerning nature, landscape and architectural heritage protection in the areas "Schwinbach Süd" and "Uf der Höchi II”, directly north of the Goetheanum in Arlesheim, Canton Basel-Landschaft.
The signing persons request the following applications, presented to the government council of the canton of Basel-Landschaft by Helvetia Nostra (Swiss environmental organisation) on December 27, 2019, to be accepted:
1. The objects of nature worthy of protection in the municipality of Arlesheim, “Schwinbach Süd” (plots 1548, 556, 1424, 560 and 3462) and “Uf der Höchi” (plot 549) are to be included in the inventory of protected natural objects.
2. On a super-provisional basis, it is to be forbidden to the owners of these plots of land to make changes to the vegetation and the terrain under threat of the penal consequences of article 292 of the Penal Code (StGB) and § 33 of the Law on the Protection of Nature and Landscape (NLG BL).
3. The land-use-plans (Quartierplan) for “Schwinbach Süd” and "Uf der Höchi II" are to be declared invalid and the building permits already granted are to be revoked.*
**What is it about?**
The border area Dornach-Arlesheim along the Schwinbach stream is embedded in a green hilly landscape with extensive near-natural gardens, a large tree population and valuable wetlands. The region has a great wealth of plants and animals, some of which are protected as rare and endangered species. In this ecologically and scenically valuable area in the canton of Solothurn (Dornach) lies the Goetheanum as a unique, nationally protected cultural heritage with international significance, right on the border
with Baselland (Arlesheim). It is surrounded by numerous other outstanding examples of plastic-organic architecture. The "Federal Inventory of Swiss Sites of National Importance Worthy of Protection" (ISOS) records the Goetheanum and many of its surrounding buildings under the highest possible conservation goal.
**Threat by major building projects**
synthesis of the arts of architecturally unique buildings in the midst of a region that is extremely valuable in terms of both landscape and ecology is acutely threatened by two major construction projects on the north side of the Goetheanum. At the foot of the Goetheanum Hill, on an area of about 25,500 m2, two extensive superstructures with a total of more than 100 residential units in the upper price segment are planned, on the one hand the project "La Colline" (see www.la-colline-arlesheim.ch) on the area "Uf der Höchi II" and on the other hand a superstructure on the area "Schwinbach South". Both projects are located in the canton of Baselland, directly on the cantonal border with Solothurn, just north of the Goetheanum.
There are serious concerns about
the two major construction projects from the point of view of nature conservation as well as architectural heritage and landscape protection. As a result of the construction projects, it must be assumed that there will be a far-reaching loss of natural values, a serious impairment of the architectural cultural heritage and an irreversible destruction of the landscape. More information under: www.initiative-dornach-arlesheim.ch (currently German only, but will be translated as soon as possible)
Neue Begründung: **Nature conservation concerns on the "Schwinbach
The Schwinbach area with its extensive hedgerow and tree population as well as a wetland in the south of the area is home to a variety of partly endangered and protected species according to the Red List, such as fire salamander,
common toad and grass snake. A wide variety of birds can also be observed, including many national priority species and Red List species. Due to its networking function of habitats, the Schwinbachareal, because of its location in the middle of an ecologically valuable green belt between Goetheanumpark and Ermitage (another protected nature and cultural heritage site), is also of great importance for the biodiversity of the entire area of Dornach and Arlesheim.
Unfortunately, serious procedural mistakes were made during the process of land use planning on the Schwinbach South site. For example, the legally required survey of natural values during the land-use planning process was neglected twice. This represents a twofold violation of the Nature and Landscape Protection Act of the Canton of Baselland, which prescribes the survey of natural values
on the site as the basis for a subsequent assessment of the site's worthiness of protection (NLG Art. 11). In addition, the endangered amphibians and reptiles and their habitats in Switzerland are protected by the Federal Act on the Protection of Nature and Cultural Heritage and its Ordinance (Art. 18 NHG, Art. 20 NHV).
**Landscape and architectural heritage conservation issues on the "Schwinbach Süd" and "Uf der Höchi
Due to their uniform architecture and
their size, which clearly stands out in comparison to the surrounding single-family house quarter, both building projects represent a severe intervention in the landscape. It is to be assumed that the realisation of the 14 planned residential blocks would result in the loss of the unique overall impression of the Goetheanum site with its sculptural-organic buildings from the north. At the same time, in view of the municipal area of Arlesheim north of the Goetheanum, an irreversible destruction of the unique landscape towards the Ermitage and Birseck Castle as a cantonally protected cultural monument is to be feared. The beauty of the surrounding architectural and landscape scenery along the paths "Auf der Höhe" and along the Schwinbach stream, which are much frequented by locals and international guests alike, would be severly damaged.
It is not without reason that these paths are part of the architectural path signposted by the municipalities of Arlesheim and Dornach (see www.architekturpfad.ch), which runs, among other parts, directly along the planned building projects and includes significant plastic-organic structures. From the point of view of heritage protection, the two construction projects violate the ambient protection of the Goetheanum site, which is protected at the highest possible level by the federal
government. This ambient protection is an integral part of an effective, contemporary protection of cultural monuments. For example, the southernmost buildings of the planned "La Colline" complex are to be located directly next to the buildings designed by Rudolf Steiner: the Glashaus (1914), the Verlagshaus (1924) and the Heizhaus (1914) with its expressionistic chimney, visible from afar.
Thus, serious procedural mistakes were
unfortunately also made with regard to cultural heritage protection issues in the context of both quarter plannings (Quartierpläne). The Solothurn Heritage Protection Society, as the body responsible for the Goetheanum, had no knowledge of these building projects and was therefore not involved in their planning. This is unacceptable in view of the cultural heritage site in the immediate vicinity that is protected at the federal level. **Application by Helvetia Nostra to the Government Council**
In view of these procedural
mistakes in the planning process of both construction projects in the middle of a sensitive natural and cultural area, Helvetia Nostra submitted an application for appropriate protection measures to the Government Council on December 27, 2019.
The application calls for the quarter plannings
(Quartierpläne), which are deficient due to procedural errors, to be declared invalid due to violation of nature, landscape and heritage protection. In addition, the application demands the inclusion of the natural objects worthy of protection, "Schwinbach Süd" and "Uf der Höchi II", in the inventory of protected natural objects. The provisional prohibition of changes to vegetation and terrain, which is also demanded, has already been issued by the Government Council.
Helvetia Nostra's application is currently being
processed by the Basel-Landschaft cantonal government. **It is therefore of great importance that as many people interested in nature and culture as possible now support Helvetia Nostra's motion with their vote.**
Unterschriften zum Zeitpunkt der Änderung: 254